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影响普洱茶耐泡程度的哪八大因素?

    发表于 珠海茶城茶叶批发市场
影响普洱茶耐泡程度的哪八大因素?

我们常常在品鉴普洱茶的过程中,遇到以下情景:与其他茶类相比,普洱茶往往冲泡到16次或以上了,香气汤感都还很足。

We always encounter below situation during the process of appreciating Pu’er tea. Compared with other kinds of tea, the aroma of Pu’er tea soup is still sufficient after being brewed for 16 and even more times.

为什么普洱茶比其他茶类耐泡?影响普洱茶耐泡程度的因素有哪些?普洱茶的综合品质是否与耐泡程度呈正相关?

Why Pu’er tea is more endurable for brewing than other kinds of tea? What are the factors influencing endurable brewing degree of Pu’er tea? Is overall quality of Pu’er tea positively correlated to endurable brewing degree? 

影响普洱茶耐泡程度的八大因素

Eight factors influencing endurable brewing degree of Pu’er tea

1、茶树品种

普洱茶的制作原料选用云南大叶种晒青茶,茶树大多都生长在,污染较小、较为原生态、人为干涉少的深山之中。这样的生态环境能够拥有较好的自我调节能力,能够降低极端气候出现几率,并依靠生物多样性降低病虫害,从而为古茶树的生长提供更为适宜的条件。

且古茶树大多与森林古树混合生长,高大的森林古树能够减少太阳光直射,为喜欢漫射光的茶树提供更多的漫射光。在漫射光环境下,茶树能够合成更多的内含物质,而内含物质多。且大叶种普洱茶中,作为茶叶主要功能性物质和滋味物质的茶多酚、咖啡碱含量相对更高,所以更为耐泡。

1. Variety of tea tree

The production material of Pu’er tea selects big-leave sun-dried green tea in Yunnan. Most of the tea trees grow in originally ecologic remote mountains with small pollution and little man-made interference. With good self-regulation ability, this kind of ecological environment can reduce appearance probability of extreme climate. By depending on biological diversity, it can reduce plant diseases and insect pests, thus providing more suitable condition for the growth of ancient tea trees.

Besides, most ancient tea trees grow with ancient trees in the forest. Tall ancient trees in the forest can reduce direct sunlight and provide more diffused light for tea trees loving diffused light. Under environment of diffused light, tea tree can synthesize more containing substances. In large-leave Pu’er tea, the contents of tea polyphenol and caffeine (main functional substance and taste substance of tea) are relatively higher, so it’s more endurable for brewing. 

2、茶树树龄

而通常,同等气候生态环境下,树龄大的古树普洱茶比树龄小的普洱茶更耐泡。

2.Age of tea tree

Under equal climate and ecological environment, Pu’er tea of aged ancient tree is generally more endurable for brewing than Pu’er tea of young tree. 

3、采茶季节

喝茶很精的人对茶的选择是需要考虑季节时间的,一般来说,茶分三季,有春茶、夏茶和秋茶。秋去冬藏,春茶经过冬天的沉淀,而且茶树的氮代谢得好,因此,茶叶中的氨基酸含量明显偏高,儿茶素的含量比值相应就高。在春茶当中,还有一个特点就是果胶含量丰富,它对茶叶的外形、色泽、以及茶汤呈现的醇厚而回甘有至关重要的关系。所以相对来说,春茶比夏茶和秋茶耐泡一些。一芽两叶、三叶的也较为耐泡。

3.Season of picking tea

Those being particular about tea usually consider the season when selecting tea. Generally, three are three seasons for tea, namely spring tea, summer tea and autumn tea. Spring tea goes through the sediment in winter and nitrogen metabolism of tea tree is good. Therefore, the content of amino acid in tea is obviously high and content of catechinic acid is correspondingly high. Another feature of spring tea is that it contains rich content of pectin, which has important relation with shape, luster, mellow and sweet tea soup of tea. Relatively speaking, spring tea is more endurable for brewing than summer tea and autumn tea. 

4、制茶工艺

做茶工艺中揉捻越重,叶片细胞壁破损越多,水浸出物溶出也越快,耐泡度就会相应降低。反之,揉成泡条的普洱茶,由于细胞壁破损不大,内含物质析出缓慢,相应显得较为耐泡。

4. Craft of making tea

If the rolling in tea-making craft is heavier, cell wall of leave is more damaged and water extract is dissolved more rapidly, then endurable brewing degree will reduce correspondingly. On the contrast, cell wall of Pu’er tea being kneaded to bar is little damaged and containing substances are dissolved slowly, so it seems more endurable for brewing.

5、茶品形状

普洱茶压制成饼后,不仅有利于内含物质更充分的转化,也能大大减少存放期间茶多酚、茶内含物质的逸散。因此,以何种形态保存(紧压茶或散茶),也会影响到普洱茶的耐泡程度。

同理,茶撬得越碎,水浸出物溶出越快、越不耐泡,茶条完整,水浸出物的溶出有规律,就相对耐泡。

5. Shape of tea product

After Pu’er tea is pressed to cake, it’s not only beneficial for more sufficient conversion of containing substances, but can greatly reduce the dissipation of tea polyphenol and containing substances during storage period. As a result, preservation in any form (compressed tea or loose tea) will influence endurable brewing degree of Pu’er tea.

Similarly, if the tea is pried into more pieces, water extract is dissolved more rapidly, then the tea is not endurable for brewing. If tea strip is complete, water extract is dissolved regularly, so it’s relatively endurable for brewing. 

6、茶品年份

茶品的耐泡度与存放时间不是单纯的“斜向上”或“斜向”下直线,也不是简单的抛物线,其实更像是波浪线。一段时间内会更耐泡些,一段时间又不耐泡。

一款存放年限恰好达到更佳品饮期的老茶,就好像一个沉睡的人,需要花费更多时间去唤醒。越老的茶,唤醒的时间需要更长,如在冲泡时,要多洗茶一遍,这样更有利于茶中的物质析出、释放,冲泡出来的口感更好。

6. Year of tea product

Endurable brewing degree of tea is neither simply “obliquely upward” or “obliquely downward” line with storage time, nor simple parabola. In fact, it’s more like wave line. For some time, it’s more endurable for brewing. Occasionally, it’s not endurable for brewing.

The aged tea with proper storage year and reaching the best period for taste seems like a soundly sleeping person, and it needs more time to awaken. If the tea is more aged, it needs longer time to awaken. Wash tea for more times while brewing, which will be more beneficial for the substances in the tea to dissolve and release, and the taste will be better. 

7、投茶量

比如用300毫升的紫砂壶泡茶,投茶量7.5克,口感更佳,表现耐泡,投茶量过少相对而言则不耐泡。

7. Tea quantity

When brewing tea with purple clay teapot at 300ml, tThe quantity of tea is 7.5 grams, and the taste is better.. If putting too little tea, it’s not endurable for brewing. 

8、出汤速度

冲泡出汤速度越慢,茶浸泡的时间越长,溶出的物质越多,茶叶就容易出现不耐泡的现象。

8. Speed of making tea soup

If the speed of making tea soup is slower, soaking time of tea is longer and dissolved substances is more, the tea is not endurable for brewing. 

正如影响耐泡程度的因素有很多,决定普洱茶品质的因素也有很多,而耐泡程度只是衡量标准之一。以上说法仅供参考,如有雷同,纯属同道中人。

Many factors influence endurable brewing degree and determine quality of Pu’er tea, while endurable degree is only one of the measurement standards. Above sayings are just for reference. If any resemblance, it’s purely from those engaged in the same pursuit. 

如果一款普洱茶既能带来非凡的品饮感受,又非常耐泡,自然是再好不过了。茶友选择普洱茶时,应当综合考虑,从而选择自己心中的那杯快乐的普洱。老茶不易,且喝且珍惜。

If a kind of Pu’er tea can not only bring about extraordinary feeling of drinking, but is endurable for brewing, which will be better. When selecting Pu’er tea, tea friends should make overall consideration to select the proper cup of tea in heart. It’s not easy to get aged tea, so cherish well while drinking.

来源:昊展茶业,意在分享,如有侵权请联系删除。

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